one word .. just try it .. use it .. share it .. discuss it here
There are lots of words and -isms for inequalities of opportunity used by people who want a fairer world. One way or another they all work for greater equality and respect for difference and diversity. But there is not a widely used strong word for that shared aim. We need to think through and build up the key principle – equalism – that all have in common.
The idea of equalism is not new. A lot of people have got hold of one or two bits of a huge jig-saw. Equalism helps put the jig-saw picture together. Please use, share and talk about equalism.
Here’s a definition of equalism: (n) advocacy or support for the principles of equality and respect for difference.
The French revolution linked three good equalist ideas together into a powerful slogan: Liberté, égalité, fraternité. These are well linked since the rewards of equality are greater liberty for all, and the way to achieve it is through positive support from others. This will be unpacked later.
A socialist idea – popularised by Karl Marx – might describe an equalist principle or practise: From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs. But there is a range of interpretations of how that works … leaving aside the miserable Marxism of state communism in the USSR. People would fear losing “everything they’ve worked for”, some kind of enforced making everyone somehow the same.
In the ordinary (if often abusive) language of the internet, Maeve in a tumblr blog summarises well the supportive freedom with respect for difference that makes for equalism: “I defend everyone from hurtful generalisations. That’s what makes me an equalist. I honestly don’t care who the hell you are. I want to make sure you’re not hurt. Okay?”
Getting everyone to be exactly the same would not be equalist. As the ‘fair selection’ cartoon illustrates, equalism is about equality of opportunity with respect for differences. Equalism is not about ensuring equal outcome for everyone in every respect. The cartoon does not imply that someone should take steps – and who would it be?! – to ensure all the animals are assisted (or handicapped) so they all reach the top of the tree in the same amount of time.
For more on this important point, see here for 5 mins, and here for 30 mins, of robust analysis of why equity of outcome for all individuals and identity groups is just not workable. Engineering equity of outcome would be as oppressive as any tyranny. It would tie individuals into all kinds of boxes into which they don’t fit and don’t want to fit. Helping victims and fighting for social justice are plainly valid concerns for equalism. But here is a robust 5 mins on how extremes of victimhood culture and of warring for social justice etc are not good for anyone.
The dictionary definition of equity: the quality of being fair and impartial. That’s fine. When equity means ensuring everyone has the same outcome regardless, that is unfair and partial. We organise this blog with the help of the Social GRACES a full list of categories of group identity. But the fairness of equalism is not achieved through social engineering for equity of outcome for individuals or for group identity.
Here are two simple classroom lessons to illustrate inequality and privilege.
1. Unfair advantage in throwing your crumpled paper in the bin. This makes the same point as the fair-test cartoon, but because it is not just a metaphor, it usefully invites more concrete responses and solutions. Do learn from the diverse comments added on that link too – mainly on how far people should help each other or just look after their own good or bad luck; “Fact is a black woman doesn’t have the same chances as a white male, it’s just an observation not your fault” versus “Success isn’t about being lucky, or being ‘privileged’, it’s about working hard and being smart”. Careful equalist thinking about privilege should also be contrasted with the common kind of superficial competitive one-up-person-ship of modern politically correct behaviour.
2. A class of young children easily given a culture of inequality with the usual effects of disrespect and oppression. The story of Jane Elliott, the teacher who created the exercise, is telling too. Her exercise divides brown-eyed from blue-eyed children as an allegory of racism. But the lesson applies to any of the inequalities and the way prejudice and privilege works.
Equalism is a simple idea. But thinking it through is complicated. How an individual acts in equalist ways in personal or local situations is different to what cities, nations and the world need to do. And some equalisms conflict with others – e.g. some cultures and religions actively resist gender equalism. Click here for more on equalism in general. Click here for other thinking on equalism compared – and also the list of key features that make this site different.
There are many areas of difference between individuals and groups of people. These differences create systems of unequal power, access, social ignorance, discomfort, prejudice, discrimination and conflict. Increasingly around the world social awareness and legislation requires us all to address this better.
It is normal though to be unaware of much of this. We may be so familiar with our own local thinking and assumptions that the negative stuff can be unintentional. Read more about keeping a balance of awareness across the spectrum of inequalities.
One way to help us become intentionally more aware and fair is an approach and acronym, known as the Social GRACES (Burnham, 2011). It refers to a long list of common areas of unequal difference. The acronym is GGRRAAACCEEESSS. The letters stand for the following (with -isms added): Gender (Sexism), Geography; Race (Racism), Religion; Age (Age-ism), Ability, Appearance; Class, Culture; Ethnicity, Education, Employment; Sexuality, Sexual orientation, Spirituality. The Social GRACES help keep our canvas broad here.
It is worth emphasising that equalism requires care and moderation. But there would be nothing much to moderate unless there were also those whose cause is on one side, e.g. the oppressed victim, and then campaign loudly for them against the other side. So equalism can be seen as a (dialectical maybe) process where emphasising differences is a necessary stage that leads to bridging them. This means that, to a degree, equalism values the -isms that it seeks to get rid of.
How do we promote equalism? Theodore Zeldin put it most simply in An Intimate History of Humanity:
Only when people learn to converse will they begin to be equal. The enemies of conversation are rhetoric, disputation, jargon and private language, or despair at not being listened to and not being understood.
The Social GRACES categories shape this blog site. The menu is organised under these categories. In due course we hope that all the categories will fill up with articles from people who know more about them. Are you one of those? Can you suggest a guest blogger please? And anyway …
Do you think equalism is the best and most uniting word? Lots of good words describe the same sort of thing – fairness, respect, justice, care, consideration etc. Equality or egalitarian (the philosophical word for it) or equal opportunity mean roughly the same as equal, but the words are too ordinary to carry the active purpose here. All these words describe how something is; they don’t convey the pursuit of a principle. Is there another strong enough word that conveys a sense of active advocacy of fairness to match the unfairness words – racism, sexism, age-ism etc? It has to be an -ism, doesn’t it? Alternatives are too clumsy e.g. fairness-ism, respect-ism – while egalitarianism has a softer edge to it. The concept of friendship describes equalism at its best, but friendship is specific and local: we need a term that can be a more general principle. Have others made this point already? Other thinking on equalism compared links this discussion to many more. Let us know what you think – click on contact.
Help us to keep improving this website. Forgive us as we keep editing the articles. This is a huge diverse topic. The blog itself is a format for greater equalism. For now we are too limited to match this big vision. We need others to help make that happen. In time contributions from all quarters may help reveal the picture in the jigsaw we’ve started work on here.
John Burnham (2011) Developments in Social GGRRRAAACCEEESSS: visible-invisible and voiced-unvoiced. Chap 7, pp 139-160 In Culture and Reflexivity in Systemic Psychotherapy: Mutual Perspectives. Inga-Britt Krause (ed). Karnac: London (with permission).
The fair-test cartoon above was redrawn with permission from an original on the website of the NDP Gender and Equality Unit, Department of Justice and Reform, Republic of Ireland. Those who work in equalities have worked a lot of this out before. The cartoon is used here with permission from Karen Richardson (as she was then), author of Oxfam’s gender training manual: See Both sides: A practical guide to gender analysis for quality service delivery.